The unpeeling of the banana genome announced in Nature
The publication in the journal Nature of the sequence of one of the founding genomes of the banana, a subspecies of Musa acuminata, represents a major achievement for CIRAD and Genoscope, who led the sequencing project funded by the French government. It also opens up a new era for Musa scientists interested in harnessing the power of genomics to secure the future of this important crop.
According to the Nature paper, to which collaborated several scientific teams, including members of the Global Musa Genomics Consortium, 91% of the genome has been sequenced and 92% of the predicted 36,542 genes positioned on the chromosomes. The article goes on to analyse the evolutionary relationships between the banana and the other monocots whose genome has been sequenced. It also reveals that the banana lineage has undergone three rounds of whole genome duplication during the course of its evolution.
The availability of a high-quality reference sequence is an important milestone for the Consortium, whose first objective at the time of its creation was to ensure that the scientific community would have access to a complete sequence of the Musa genome.
Article in InfoMus@: First glimpse at the banana genome
Access to the data: Musa sequencing project
Bioinformatics resources available are described